About the Situation
By the Numbers
More than 179 million people live in Pakistan
32% of the children in Pakistan are malnourished
42% of the population cannot read or write
(Sources: United Nations and the World Bank)
Numerous disasters and the global recession have hampered Pakistan’s efforts to improve residents’ economic situations and quality of life. Pakistan’s poverty rate has dropped significantly over more than a decade, from 34.5% of the population living below the national poverty line in 2001/2002 to 12.4% in 2010/2011.
Other indicators of quality of life, however—such as unemployment and malnutrition—are improving much more slowly. Drought, earthquake, devastating floods and conflicts have all strained the economy and many families’ livelihood in recent years.
How Islamic Relief is Helping
Islamic ReliefTM has been providing services in Pakistan since 1992. Islamic Relief Pakistan opened its office in Islamabad in 1994. Islamic Relief teams have helped implement vocational training projects, water and sanitation programs, and have administered health care services. Islamic Relief has also been at the forefront of providing emergency relief in times of natural disaster, and team members in the region work closely with local organizations and government officials to ensure efficiency and deliver aid where it is needed most.
Below is a breakdown of some programs Islamic Relief has supported in Pakistan. Download Islamic Relief USA’s Donor Report on Pakistan Humanitarian Aid (updated March 2014) to learn more.
AVOIDABLE BLINDNESS INITIATIVE IN BALOCHISTAN
More than 21,360 individuals stand to benefit from this program, which will help reduce the incidence of avoidable blindness by providing access to preventable and curative eye care services.
EMERGENCY AID TO FLOOD SURVIVORS
IRUSA is providing urgent emergency support to survivors of floods that ravaged areas throughout Pakistan, Pakistan-administered Kashmir, and Jammu-Kashmir in early September 2014. Some 3,500 individuals are receiving emergency items, such as tents, solar lamps, winterization kits, kitchen sets, food items and hygiene kits to help alleviate suffering in Haveli, for instance. The program will continue for three months.
HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE TO IDP’S OF NORTH WAZIRISTAN
Some 62,500 people in North Waziristan have been displaced and are in need of humanitarian aid. IRUSA donors are helping provide vital services including, health care, food packages, latrine construction, repair of water sources, psychosocial support, hygiene kits, kitchens sets, as well as food and veterinary services for animals.
IMPROVING HOUSEHOLD ECONOMY THROUGH SUSTAINABLE AGROBUSINESS SUPPORT
This program aims to improve the well-being and reduce poverty of vulnerable communities in District Bagh and Neelum of AJK. This is being done through agriculture and livestock training, including health training for livestock; and the establishment of seedling and fruit nursery businesses.
ORPHAN SUPPORT & SPONSORSHIP
SUPPORT FOR DISTRICT HEALTH SYSTEM IN NOWSHERA
More than 56,900 internally displaced persons and host community members will receive access to an integrated health intervention program that focuses on improving the capacity of the district health system, improves access to quality health care services, and improving health awareness, including psychosocial support.
STRENGTHENING PAKISTAN-ADMINISTERED KASHMIR THROUGH RURAL AND URBAN RESILIENCE
Some 75,000 individuals will benefit from this project, aimed at reducing vulnerabilities from natural hazards. Construction of a drinking water system, rain water harvesting; construction of water-treatment facilities; disaster preparedness training; provision of latrines; and much more are all part of this effort.
RAMADAN FOOD DISTRIBUTION
ASSISTANCE FOR WIDOWS IN NEED
This project provided underprivileged widows living in Rawalpindi with access to health care services and hygiene awareness sessions. More than 10,700 people benefitted.
COMMUNITY LIVELIHOOD IMPROVEMENT PROJECT
This project initially began after the recovery phase of Islamic Relief’s response to the 2005 earthquake, and benefited 36 villages in the Bagh district and neighboring Haveli Kahuta by addressing social mobilization, water, sanitation and hygiene, and livelihood issues. Communities and leaders were provided with the tools and training necessary to identify problems and formulate solutions amongst themselves.
HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE TO IDP’S OF KHYBER AGENCY FATA, KPK
The program was designed to provide access to essential health care and water and sanitation services for internally displaced populations in camps in Jalozi, Nowshera in KPK. There were three phases of the program, with more than 64,000 people benefitting in all.
COMMUNITY SUSTAINABLE WASH INITIATIVES IN KPK
Access to safe water drinking facilities, improved sanitation facilities and training for better hygiene practices were all part of this program, which benefitted more than 22,000 people.
HEPATITIS INITIATIVE WITH APPNA
Islamic Relief USA worked in collaboration with the Association of Physicians of Pakistani Descent of North America (APPNA) to implement a hepatitis C awareness and prevention program within major hospitals in Lahore, Karachi, Islamabad, Rawalpindi, Peshawar, Faisalabad, Multan, Larkana, Bahawalpur and Muzaffarabad. The program was also implemented in urban and rural school curriculums to spread hepatitis awareness through education.
NOWSHERA INTEGRATED REHABILITATION PROGRAM
This rehabilitation project provided more than 1,200 households affected by the 2010 floods with disaster-resilient shelters, clean water and sanitation facilities, primary health-care services, school rehabilitation and income generation opportunities. Efforts also included rebuilding infrastructure, providing communities with income generating activities and basic necessities and helping them better cope with future disasters.
PUNJAB INTEGRATED REHABILITATION PROGRAM
Under this project, families have received critical services including health care in six villages in Muzaffargarh, Punjab. Disaster-resilient shelters have been being built for hundreds of households. Teams have also installed water pumps and latrines, and residents have been trained on best practices for hygiene and health. Farmers and other households have received seeds, tools and livestock so they can earn an income.
SAFE WATER FOR COMMUNITIES
This project helped local community members build water supply infrastructures and provide sanitation education for the people of Chamyati and Chagai in Balochistan. Local community leaders—both men and women—were trained in project management, community development, and in community member recruitment and engagement so that local residents would be invested in the project’s success and take ownership of its management. The installation of water pumps, storage tanks and filtration systems was also part of the effort.
SINDH FLOOD RELIEF EMERGENCY EFFORTS
The Sindh district regularly succumbs to flooding, and 2010 and 2011 were years without exception. Islamic Relief responded with emergency relief on these two separate occasions to provide aid throughout the district. An emphasis was made on providing on water and sanitation, emergency shelter, food and non-food items, and healthcare for affected people immediate after floods swept through the region. The project, now in phase two, has been redesigned to address long-term rehabilitation needs, including the rebuilding of infrastructure, providing communities with income generating activities and basic necessities and providing them with proper coping mechanisms to deal with future disasters.
TRIBAL VILLAGE INTEGRATED REHABILITATION PROJECT IN KPK
More than 7,000 people benefitted from disaster resilient basic social services, and have been helped by efforts to improve economic conditions of conflict-affected communities by training individuals in different trades and restored micro enterprises. Community members were also be provided access to health care services and enhanced water and sanitation facilities.