About the Emergency
By the Numbers
Some 139,000 people in Myanmar (also known as Burma) have been internally displaced by inter-communal violence since June 2012.
(Sources: UNHCR and government resources)
More than a year after a state of emergency was declared in Rakhine, Myanmar (also known as Burma), around 139,000 people remain internally displaced by clashes that began in June 2012, unable to return to their homes, according to the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR).
According to government reports, the majority of those who were affected were Muslims. The UN reported that some 800,000 Muslims of Rohingya ethnicity live in Myanmar in the northern Rakhine State. They are regarded as some of the most persecuted people in the world, and face regular food shortages. As clashes continue in their home area, their desperate situation has turned even more horrid.
Some who fled the violence crossed over into neighboring Bangladesh. But many were turned away and existing refugee camps have been capped.
The UNHCR estimated that, with assessments after a separate set of clashes in October 2012, that some 140,000 people were affected by destruction and death.
Now, in 2013, while tensions have quelled slightly since the outbreaks of 2012, additional clashes have put many in danger again.
How Islamic Relief Is Helping
Islamic Relief USA, in collaboration with the UNHCR, is working to provide relief and humanitarian assistance to internal refugees in the Rakhine State of Myanmar.
There was an urgent need for shelter for internally displaced families and their host communities. Many now homeless people lived in community centers, churches and temporary camp sites. Here are some photos provided by the UNHCR of efforts that IRUSA donors have helped support.
EMERGENCY HEALTH SERVICES
Essential health services are being delivered to the extremely vulnerable populations, including internally displaced persons and hard-to-reach villages, in Rakhine State. Mobile health units, distribution of medicines, immunization and nutrition campaigns, health education, and volunteer training are all part of the effort. More than 46,000 people stand to benefit.
EMERGENCY SHELTER AND CORE RELIEF ITEMS
Islamic Relief donors are helping provide about 1,000 emergency tents for internally displaced persons (IDPs) of both Rohingya and non-Rohingya populations. Some 2,000 Core Relief Item (CRI) kits have also been delivered. They included:
- Mosquito nets
- Plastic tarpaulins
- Kitchen sets
- Blankets and sleeping mats
- Jerry cans and plastic buckets
- Clothes, such as socks, t-shirts for adults and warm apparel for children
- Products for women
- Solar lamps
- Detergent and soap
HEALTH AND NUTRITION IN BANGLADESH
More than 8,000 Rohingya refugees in Bangladesh will benefit from a program designed to provide prevention and treatment services for disease. The effort, which also includes basic health care coverage and a project to treat children suffering from malnutrition, will be focused on the Kutupalong and Nayapara camps in Bangladesh’s Southeastern district of Cox Bazar.
TEMPORARY SHELTER SPACES
Islamic Relief worked with UNHCR to provide some 335 emergency shelters for more than 1,600 individuals in Sittwe, Rakhine State. These temporary family unit shelter spaces are housing internally displaced persons (IDPs) until permanent housing solutions are found. Efforts were made to prevent overcrowding and potential problems associated with that; to provide water, sanitation and health care services; and to involve community members in camp management.
Islamic Relief USA also disseminated information to help educate the public about who the Rohingya people are and the situation in Myanmar. Check out “Myanmar: A Crisis Forgotten” and this infographic to learn more.
As violence continues to plague the region, resulting in a variety of humanitarian relief issues, Islamic Relief USA is working to find additional ways to help those in need. Your support is crucial to making this possible.